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Noninsulin-Dependent Diabetes Mellitus (Niddm)

Overview

Type 2 or Adult Diabetes is the most common type of Diabetes. It generally happens with the setting of Age. In this form of diabetes the pancreas in the body doesn’t produce sufficient insulin. It is also famous as Insulin Resistance, implication of which is that fat, liver, and muscle cells are not able to react normally to insulin. This results in blood sugar not being able to be into stored in cells to be converted into energy.


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Causes

Genetics and a history in the family is a major cause. Obesity and Age greater than 45 years also plays a major role. Abnormal and fluctuating HDL cholesterol or triglyceride level is another cause. People with High blood pressure or women who’ve had a History of gestational diabetes are also at a significant risk. Sometimes people are previously identified with impaired glucose tolerance so with age they also get type 2 diabetes. People of African American, Hispanic American and Native American have shown high rate of diabetes.


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Signs & Symptoms

Most of the time people with type 2 diabetes show no symptoms at all.  But if they at all do have symptoms, they may include:

    * vision being blurred
    * Erectile dysfunction
    * Fatigue
    * infections taking time to heal and frequent infections
    * Increase in appetite
    * Increase in thirst
    * Increase in urination

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Prevention
None
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Treatments
Exercise, Dietary control Naturopathy

There are two goals for diabetes. The immediate goal is to get the blood sugars in control and the other being preventing long term diabetes related complications like heart problems, liver damage, kidney failures etc.

Exercise and a good dietary control are normal enough to control blood sugars. But if fluctuation or abnormally high blood sugars persist the person would need to take medical treatment.

Salts Modern Medicine

The medical treatment involves taking different salt forms:

    * Biguanides (Metformin)
    * Sulfonylureas (like glimepiride, glyburide, and tolazamide) trigger the pancreas to make more insulin.
    * Thiazolidinediones (such as rosiglitazone)
    * Injectible medications (including exenatide and pramlintide
    * Meglitinides (including repaglinide and nateglinide)
    * Alpha-glucosidase inhibitors (such as acarbose)

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