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Insulinoma

Overview

Insulinoma is an insulin hormone that produces tumor in the pancreas. The tumor is very rare and usually affects the adult. These tumors are hardly ½ inch in size; therefore it becomes difficult to locate it. An important fact is that most of the cases of Insulinoma are non-cancerous. Insuloma and islet cell adenoma are alternative names of the condition.


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Causes

n the human body, pancreas is an organ that makes numerous hormones and enzymes and hormone insulin is one hormone that is produced by the pancreas. Insulin helps in controlling blood sugar levels of the body. The Insulinoma hormone produces excess insulin in the body that eventually results in lowering down the blood sugar levels. The resulting condition is just the opposite of diabetes. Administration of such medications that produce too much insulin in the body is also one cause of the condition.


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Signs & Symptoms

Some of the common symptoms of the insulinoma are:

  • Weight gain
  • Rapid heart rate
  • Sweating
  • Headache
  • Anxiety
  • Behavioural changes
  • Loss of consciousness
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Prevention

No prevention exists for the condition.  


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Treatments
Surgery Modern Medicine

The tumor is very small in size, therefore primarily the tumor is located and after that it will be removed surgically. If there is only one tumor in the pancreas, then it will be removed. And if there are several tumors, then part of the pancreas is removed. Needless to say that the pancreas perform important function of preventing diabetes and improving digestion, therefore every effort is made to avoid the situation of removal of pancreas.

If no tumor is found in the abdomen, then no surgery is required. In that situation, the Insulinoma is treated by giving drug diazoxide. The drug helps in reducing the insulin production and avoiding the condition of hypoglycemia. Sometimes, doctors give a diuretic pill also that should be taken along with other medications.

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