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Hypoglycemia

Overview

Hypoglycemia is a condition that results in low blood sugar level. Glucose is considered as an important source of energy for the body. Glucose comes from the food. The condition occurs suddenly and can be treated easily. In adults and those children who are above 10 years of age, Hypoglycemia rarely occurs. Some of the alternatives name of the condition are-insulin shock, low blood sugar, low blood glucose, etc.


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Causes

The condition usually occurs in the following conditions:

  • Sugar is consumed at a faster pace.
  • Glucose releases into the bloodstream at a very slow pace.
  • When excessive insulin in released by the body into the bloodstream.

It is important to disclose that insulin is a hormone that helps in reducing blood sugar level. Insulin is produced by the pancreas.

Hypoglycemia commonly affects those persons who have diabetes. The condition happens when:

  • When a person does not take enough food.
  • Following rigorous exercise schedule without consuming much food.
  • Taking too much insulin or medicines of diabetes.

Some other conditions that can cause the condition are:

  • Liver disease
  • Ingestion of alcohol

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Signs & Symptoms

Hypoglycemia exhibits plethora of symptoms. Some of them are described below:

  • Cold sweats
  • Headache
  • Rapid heart rate
  • Hunger
  • Fatigue
  • Uneasiness
  • Coma

Some addition symptoms are:

  • Hallucinations
  • Memory loss
  • Fainting
  • Excessive sweating
  • Sleeping difficulty
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Prevention

If you have diabetes, it is necessary to follow doctors’ advice regarding medication, exercise and diet schedule. If any time you experience symptoms of Hypoglycemia, then take a drink containing sugar. This helps in preventing the condition from getting worse.  


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Treatments
Surgery Modern Medicine

If the condition is caused by insulinoma, surgery is performed by the specialist to treat the condition adequately.

Conservative treatment Modern Medicine

Depending upon the cause, the treatments are recommended to patients. If low blood sugar level is caused due to less intake of sugar, then taking any food or drink containing snack helps in raising sugar level. Immediate improvement can be observed by drinking sugar containing liquid or food rich in sugar.

Those persons who are suffered from severe kind of Hypoglycemia are given hormone glucagon or glucose injections. It is important to disclose the fact that such persons require immediate treatment.

Little changes in the diet help in improving and treating the condition significantly. Doctor may advise to a person to consume sugar rich food and those food items that are rich in fat, fiber, complex carbohydrates, etc. Frequent intake of the meals is recommended at regular intervals.

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