Diabetic retinopathy is a condition that leads to the damage to the eye’s retina due to prolonged exposure to type 1 and type 2 diabetes. Retina is considered as the light-sensitive tissue present at the back of the eye. For healthy vision, it is necessary that a human eye possesses healthy retina. Normally, it has been seen that both the eyes are affected from diabetic retinopathy. Diabetic retinopathy has 4 stages- mild nonproliferative retinopathy, moderate nonproliferative retinopathy, severe nonproliferative retinopathy and proliferative retinopathy. The condition is counted among one of the leading causes of blindness among adults of America. Photocoagulation-retina and retinopathy-diabetic are alternative names of the condition.
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High glucose levels, cholesterol and blood pressure levels are considered as the leading cause of the condition. The condition commonly affects those persons who are unable to maintain the apt glucose level. As the glucose level raises, the blood vessels changes and gets damaged. They become swell with the passage of time and starting leaking fluid.
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Some of the common symptoms that are experienced during the condition are:
- Blurred vision
- Gradual vision loss
- Difficulty in observing things during night time
It is important to highlight the fact that the symptoms develop with the passage of time. In early stages, person faces problems in viewing objects clearly. Slowly and steadily, diabetic retinopathy gets worse and may result in damaging the eyes severely.
Diabetic retinopathy can be prevented by keeping a control over blood pressure, blood sugar and cholesterol levels. If your eyes blood vessels are weakened, then avoid doing those exercises that put pressure on them. Regular eye-check up is essential in the case you have diagnosed with the disease.
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Thos people who are suffering from nonproliferative diabetic retinopathy often require no treatment other than regular eye-check up. Another point important to bring into notice is that the treatment does not aim at preventing the damage that has already been occurred. The treatment aims at preventing the condition from getting worse. The treatment is recommended when the doctor notices that macular edema is developing or new blood vessels are growing in the retina.
Surgeries are performed for treating the disease. The surgery known as photocoagulation is performed that helps in destroying or removing abnormal and fragile blood vessels from the retina.
If a person is experiencing symptoms of bleeding in the eye, vitrectomy surgery is performed in such case. Drugs are also given for keeping a check at the abnormal growth of the blood vessels.
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