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Diabetic Ketoacidosis

Overview

Diabetic Ketoacidosis is a condition that develops when a body experiences absolute shortage of insulin. In other words, it can be said that it is a state of relative or absolute insulin deficiency that is aggravated by certain body conditions like dehydration, hyperglycemia, etc. Those people who have type 1 diabetes are more prone towards the condition as compared to sufferers of type 2 diabetes.


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Causes

When a body becomes deficient in insulin, the cells of the liver, muscle, etc faces problem in utilizing the glucose. So, in order to avoid starvation, the human body starts breaking down fat. And due to constant breaking of the fat, realisation of fatty acids take place which further leads toward production of ketone bodies. The production of these bodies causes chemical imbalance and eventually resulting in the condition of Diabetic Ketoacidosis.

Some of the most common causes that compel a body to enter in the state of Diabetic Ketoacidosis are described below:

  • Infection
  • Conditions like stroke trauma, heart attack, stress, etc
  • Missed insulin
  • Previously unknown or newly diagnosed diabetes.

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Signs & Symptoms

Some of the common symptoms of the diabetic Ketoacidosis are:

  • Abdominal discomfort
  • Vomiting
  • Frequent urination
  • Excessive thirst
  • Loss of appetite
  • Blurred vision
  • Drowsiness
  • Increased heart rate
  • Low blood pressure
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Prevention

Diabetic Ketoacidosis can be prevented by controlling the blood sugar level especially during stress, infection, etc. Take special care of your diet and do not practise any rigorous exercises.


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Treatments
Conservative Treatment Modern Medicine

The condition of Diabetic Ketoacidosis is treated by giving regular fluids and insulin through veins. During the treatment, electrolytes chemical in the blood are closely monitored. If the case is serious, then it becomes pertinent to admit the patient in ICU (Intensive Care Unit). The process of providing fluids to the body through intravenously helps in treating the condition of dehydration. Insulin administration further helps in preventing the formation of ketone bodies.

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