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Diabetes Insipidus-Nephrogenic

Overview

Is type of diabetes in which kidneys fail absorb water in body


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Causes

When body stops responding to chemical called anti diuretic hormone (ADH) also known as vasopressin. Major function of ADH is to make urine more concentrated. But in case of defect kidney produce large amount of urine in diluted form.
This is rare type of diabetes. Factors that increases risk factor includes:

  • High level of calcium and decrease in potassium
  • Any kind of blockage in urinary tract
  • Use of drugs like lithium, amphotericin B

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Signs & Symptoms
  • Intense uncontrollable thirst and carving for water is most common symptom
  • Passage of excess amount of urine 3-15 liter in a day
  • In case of dehydration dry skin, sunken of eyes
  • Fatigue
  • Low blood pressure
  • Muscle pain
  • Weight loss
  • Rapid heart rate
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Prevention

No way known to prevent diabetes


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Treatments
Conservative Treatment Modern Medicine

Main goal of treatment is to control fluid level in body. Medication are given to improve symptom

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